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Old Synagogue

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Old Synagogue

It is understood that the Jewish community was represented in Cheb already before the extension of the town at the beginning of the 13th century. They lived in a block of houses with internal free premises, originally behind the fortification of the market settlement. The block was then as a whole taken to the plans of the “New Town“. According to the later accounts, the inner courtyard consisted of Jewish cemetery, school, a kind of town-hall (Judenhof) and even a dancing hall.

The synagogue stood outside of the block, between today´s streets of Jakubská and Dominikánská. It was built-up in the second half of the 14th century, utilizing the walls of the older synagogue from the 13th century. After a big pogrom in 1350, the Jewish community was deprived of the synagogue as well as of the cemetery in front of the Upper Gate but after coming back they managed to get both from the Nothaft back to their ownership which was confirmed by Karel IV upon his decree from 1364. In 1430 Zikmund ordered the Cheb citizens to expel the Jews without suffering a loss on property and to convert their synagogue into a church. The Cheb citizens hesitated in terms of the expulsion, they were prolonging it up to 1468 but then they had to obey. The Church of the Virgin Mary Visitation was consecrated at the same year.

(RS)

 

Das Bauwerk existiert nicht mehr.

 

Pictures

Synagogue. A view around 1400. K. Huss 1805

Synagogue. A view around 1400. K. Huss 1805

Synagogue. Layout of the original synagogue. Later of the Catholic church. V. Prökl 1823

Synagogue. Layout of the original synagogue. Later of the Catholic church. V. Prökl 1823

SOkA Cheb, F 1, FOL:51

Synagogue. Site plan around the original synagogue. Later of the Catholic church. V. Prökl 1845

Synagogue. Site plan around the original synagogue. Later of the Catholic church. V. Prökl 1845

SOkA Cheb, F 1, FOL: 52

 
Synagogue. Site plan around the original synagogue. Later of the catholic church. Around 1830

Synagogue. Site plan around the original synagogue. Later of the catholic church. Around 1830

SOA

Synagogue. Interior. Columns and tombstones. K. Huss 1805

Synagogue. Interior. Columns and tombstones. K. Huss 1805

 
 
Interactive Encyclopaedia of the Town of Cheb

Interactive Encyclopaedia of the Town of Cheb
Overview of Top 200 Historic Sites in Cheb.