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Holy Cross Almshouse and Myslivna

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In the Middle Ages, leprosy was a common threat as it was a widely spread and, in some forms, a highly infectious disease. The lepers were usually placed in remote houses outside the town walls. The German name for these leper houses was Siechenhaus, although it was later used to denote hospitals and almshouses as well.

There were two such houses in Cheb. One house with a church stood near the village of Svatý Kříž by the road to Waldsassen. Neither the house nor the church remain standing today. The second house was known as Pod svatou Annou (Under Saint Anne) or V Chlumu (German: Kulm, English: Holm) and it used to stand on the site of the present-day Myslivna (Gamekeeper’s Lodge) by the old road to Pomezí. In the 16th century, an isolation station for lepers from the whole district of Cheb and northern Bavaria was founded in the area and an almshouse was operated here in the 19th and 20th century.

Even though the local name “Siechenhaus” survived World War II, by then the locals had been using it for decades to denote the popular destination of excursionists or the local restaurant converted from the former gamekeeper’s lodge. The Chapel of Saint Sebastian, which used to stand nearby, was demolished in the 1950s.

 (RS)

 

The building no longer exists

 

Pictures

Almshouse, Holy Cross

Almshouse, Holy Cross

Holy Cross Almshouse and Church

Holy Cross Almshouse and Church

Holy Cross Church

Holy Cross Church

 
 
 
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